Saturday, July 28, 2012

Creating a Pentomino game using AS3: Part 10

In this tutorial we'll make the placed shapes moveable.

We'll start by modifying the startDragShape() function. Add 3 new function parameters - rot, scalex, scaley, set their default values to 0. Apply the rot value to cursor's rotation property, scalex to scaleX and scaley to scaleY. Then check if scalex is 0 (the value was not changed) and set scaleX and scaleY to gridCellWidth / 100:

private function startDragShape(shapeType:int, rot:int = 0, scalex:Number = 0, scaley:Number = 0):void {
cursor.rotation = rot;
cursor.scaleX = scalex;
cursor.scaleY = scaley;
if (scalex == 0) {
cursor.scaleX = gridCellWidth / 100;
cursor.scaleY = gridCellWidth / 100;
}
cursor.alpha = 0.75;
cursor.visible = true;
cursor.gotoAndStop(shapeType);
}

Now go to mouseUp() function and add a line that adds a MOUSE_DOWN event listener to newShape, also push the newShape value to placedShapes array:

private function mouseUp(evt:MouseEvent):void {
stopDragShape();
if (selectedShape > 0) {
if (!canPutHere) {
availableShapes[selectedShape-1]++;
shapeButtons[selectedShape-1].count.text = availableShapes[selectedShape-1];
selectedShape = 0;
}
if (canPutHere) {
var mousePos:Point = new Point(Math.floor((mouseX - gridStartX) / gridCellWidth), Math.floor((mouseY - gridStartY) / gridCellWidth));
var newShape:MovieClip = new game_shape();
addChild(newShape);
newShape.x = gridStartX + (mousePos.x+1) * gridCellWidth - gridCellWidth / 2;
newShape.y = gridStartY + (mousePos.y + 1) * gridCellWidth - gridCellWidth / 2;
newShape.rotation = cursor.rotation;
newShape.scaleX = cursor.scaleX;
newShape.scaleY = cursor.scaleY;
newShape.gotoAndStop(selectedShape);
newShape.addEventListener(MouseEvent.MOUSE_DOWN, placedShapeDown);
placedShapes.push(newShape);
for (var i:int = 0; i < currentValues.length; i++) {
var cellX:int = currentValues[i][0] + mousePos.x;
var cellY:int = currentValues[i][1] + mousePos.y;
mapGrid[cellY][cellX] = 2;
}
cursor.parent.setChildIndex(cursor, cursor.parent.numChildren - 1);
selectedShape = 0;
}
}
}

Create the placeShapeDown() function. In the first line, we set the selectedShape value to the current frame of the placed shape:

selectedShape = evt.currentTarget.currentFrame;

After that we call startDragShape() function and pass values to all of the parameters as shown below:

// start dragging
startDragShape(evt.currentTarget.currentFrame, evt.currentTarget.rotation, evt.currentTarget.scaleX, evt.currentTarget.scaleY);

Then we need to call updateCurrentValues() to fill the currentValues array with relative cell coordinates of an already rotated and flipped shape. Calculate the position of the said shape on the grid, and using these values, loop through the 5 cells in mapGrid and set their values to 1.

// update grid values
updateCurrentValues();
var shapePos:Point = new Point(Math.floor((evt.currentTarget.x - gridStartX) / gridCellWidth), Math.floor((evt.currentTarget.y - gridStartY) / gridCellWidth));
for (var i:int = 0; i < 5; i++) {
mapGrid[shapePos.y + currentValues[i][1]][shapePos.x + currentValues[i][0]] = 1;
}

Next we simply remove the listener and the shape:

// remove shape
evt.currentTarget.removeEventListener(MouseEvent.MOUSE_DOWN, placedShapeDown);
evt.currentTarget.parent.removeChild(evt.currentTarget);

And finally we call checkPut():

checkPut();

Full code so far:

package  
{
import flash.display.MovieClip;
import flash.display.Sprite;
import flash.events.Event;
import flash.events.KeyboardEvent;
import flash.events.MouseEvent;
import flash.geom.Point;
import flash.utils.ByteArray;

/**
 * Open-source pentomino game engine
 * @author Kirill Poletaev
 */

public class pentomino_game extends MovieClip
{
private var mapGrid:Array = [];
private var availableShapes:Array = [];
private var shapeButtons:Array = [];
private var shapeValues:Array = [];
private var placedShapes:Array = [];

private var gridShape:Sprite = new Sprite();
private var canPutShape:Sprite = new Sprite();
private var gridStartX:int;
private var gridStartY:int;
private var gridCellWidth:int;

private var cursor:MovieClip;
private var rolledShape:MovieClip;
private var selectedShape:int = 0;
private var canPutHere:Boolean = false;
private var currentValues:Array = [];

public function pentomino_game() 
{
// default map
mapGrid = [
[1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1],
[1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1],
[1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1],
[1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1],
[1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1],
[1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1]
];

availableShapes = [2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2];

shapeValues = [
[[0, 0], [0, 1], [0, 2], [0, -1], [0, -2]],
[[0, 0], [0, -1], [0, 1], [1, 0], [1, -1]],
[[0, 0], [0, 1], [0, 2], [0, -1], [ -1, -1]],
[[0, 0], [0, 1], [0, -1], [ -1, 0], [1, -1]],
[[0, 0], [ -1, 0], [ -2, 0], [0, -1], [1, -1]],
[[0, 0], [0, 1], [0, -1], [1, -1], [ -1, -1]],
[[0, 0], [1, 0], [ -1, 0], [1, -1], [ -1, -1]],
[[0, 0], [ -1, 0], [ -2, 0], [0, -1], [0, -2]],
[[0, 0], [0, 1], [ -1, 1], [1, 0], [1, -1]],
[[0, 0], [0, 1], [0, -1], [1, 0], [ -1, 0]],
[[0, 0], [ -1, 0], [ -2, 0], [1, 0], [0, -1]],
[[0, 0], [0, 1], [1, 1], [0, -1], [-1, -1]]
];

// grid settings
calculateGrid();
addChild(gridShape);
gridShape.x = gridStartX;
gridShape.y = gridStartY;

// draw tiles
drawGrid();

// can put shape
addChild(canPutShape);
canPutShape.x = gridStartX;
canPutShape.y = gridStartY;

// add shape buttons
for (var i:int = 0; i < 4; i++) {
for (var u:int = 0; u < 3; u++) {
var shapeButton:MovieClip = new select_shape();
shapeButton.x = 528 + u * 62;
shapeButton.y = 55 + i * 62;
addChild(shapeButton);
shapeButton.bg.alpha = 0.3;
shapeButton.count.text = String(availableShapes[3 * i + u]);
shapeButton.shape.gotoAndStop(3 * i + u + 1);
shapeButtons.push(shapeButton);
shapeButton.addEventListener(MouseEvent.ROLL_OVER, buttonOver);
shapeButton.addEventListener(MouseEvent.ROLL_OUT, buttonOut);
shapeButton.addEventListener(MouseEvent.MOUSE_DOWN, buttonDown);
}
}

// cursor
cursor = new game_shape();
addChild(cursor);
cursor.mouseEnabled = false;
cursor.mouseChildren = false;
cursor.visible = false;
addEventListener(MouseEvent.MOUSE_MOVE, mouseMove);
addEventListener(MouseEvent.MOUSE_WHEEL, mouseWheel);
stage.addEventListener(KeyboardEvent.KEY_DOWN, keyDown);
addEventListener(Event.ENTER_FRAME, everyFrame);
addEventListener(MouseEvent.MOUSE_UP, mouseUp);
}

private function calculateGrid():void {
var columns:int = mapGrid[0].length;
var rows:int = mapGrid.length;

// free size: 520x460
// fit in: 510x450

// calculate width of a cell:
gridCellWidth = Math.round(510 / columns);

var width:int = columns * gridCellWidth;
var height:int = rows * gridCellWidth;

// calculate side margin
gridStartX = (520 - width) / 2;

if (height < 450) {
gridStartY = (450 - height) / 2;
}
if (height >= 450) {
gridCellWidth = Math.round(450 / rows);
height = rows * gridCellWidth;
width = columns * gridCellWidth;
gridStartY = (460 - height) / 2;
gridStartX = (520 - width) / 2;
}
}

private function drawGrid():void {
gridShape.graphics.clear();
var width:int = mapGrid[0].length;
var height:int = mapGrid.length;

var i:int;
var u:int;

// draw background
for (i = 0; i < height; i++) {
for (u = 0; u < width; u++) {
if (mapGrid[i][u] == 1) drawCell(u, i, 0xffffff, 1, 0x999999);
}
}
}

private function drawCell(width:int, height:int, fill:uint, thick:Number, line:uint):void {
gridShape.graphics.beginFill(fill);
gridShape.graphics.lineStyle(thick, line);
gridShape.graphics.drawRect(width * gridCellWidth, height * gridCellWidth, gridCellWidth, gridCellWidth);
}

private function mouseMove(evt:MouseEvent):void {
cursor.x = mouseX;
cursor.y = mouseY;
checkPut();
}

private function checkPut():void {
if (selectedShape > 0) {
var mousePos:Point = new Point(Math.floor((mouseX - gridStartX) / gridCellWidth), Math.floor((mouseY - gridStartY) / gridCellWidth));
canPutHere = true;
updateCurrentValues();
for (var i:int = 0; i < currentValues.length; i++) {
var cellX:int = currentValues[i][0] + mousePos.x;
var cellY:int = currentValues[i][1] + mousePos.y;
if (cellX < 0 || cellY < 0 || cellX >= mapGrid[0].length || cellY >= mapGrid.length || mapGrid[cellY][cellX]!=1) {
canPutHere = false;
}
}
if (canPutHere) {
cursor.alpha = 0.8;
}
if (!canPutHere) {
canPutShape.graphics.clear();
cursor.alpha = 0.4;
}
}
}

private function drawCanPut():void {
canPutShape.graphics.clear();
var mousePos:Point = new Point(Math.floor((mouseX - gridStartX) / gridCellWidth), Math.floor((mouseY - gridStartY) / gridCellWidth));
for (var i:int = 0; i < currentValues.length; i++) {
var cellX:int = (currentValues[i][0] + mousePos.x) * gridCellWidth;
var cellY:int = (currentValues[i][1] + mousePos.y) * gridCellWidth;
canPutShape.graphics.beginFill(0x00ff00, 0.2);
canPutShape.graphics.drawRect(cellX, cellY, gridCellWidth, gridCellWidth);
}
}

private function mouseWheel(evt:MouseEvent):void {
if (evt.delta > 0) cursor.rotation += 90;
if (evt.delta < 0) cursor.rotation -= 90;
if (selectedShape > 0) checkPut();
}

private function keyDown(evt:KeyboardEvent):void {
if (evt.keyCode == 68) cursor.rotation += 90;
if (evt.keyCode == 65) cursor.rotation -= 90;
if (evt.keyCode == 32) cursor.scaleX *= -1;
if (selectedShape > 0) checkPut();
}

private function updateCurrentValues():void {
currentValues = clone(shapeValues[selectedShape-1]);
for (var i:int = 0; i < 5; i++) {
if (cursor.rotation == 90) {
currentValues[i].reverse();
currentValues[i][0] *= -1;
}
if (cursor.rotation == 180 || cursor.rotation == -180) {
currentValues[i][0] *= -1;
currentValues[i][1] *= -1;
}
if (cursor.rotation == -90) {
currentValues[i].reverse();
currentValues[i][1] *= -1;
}
if (cursor.scaleX < 0 && (cursor.rotation != -90 || cursor.rotation != 90)) {
currentValues[i][0] *= -1;
}
if (cursor.scaleX < 0 && (cursor.rotation == -90 || cursor.rotation == 90)) {
currentValues[i][0] *= -1;
currentValues[i][1] *= -1;
}
}
drawCanPut();
}

private function clone(source:Object):*{
var myBA:ByteArray = new ByteArray();
myBA.writeObject(source);
myBA.position = 0;
return(myBA.readObject());
}

private function startDragShape(shapeType:int, rot:int = 0, scalex:Number = 0, scaley:Number = 0):void {
cursor.rotation = rot;
cursor.scaleX = scalex;
cursor.scaleY = scaley;
if (scalex == 0) {
cursor.scaleX = gridCellWidth / 100;
cursor.scaleY = gridCellWidth / 100;
}
cursor.alpha = 0.75;
cursor.visible = true;
cursor.gotoAndStop(shapeType);
}

private function stopDragShape():void {
canPutShape.graphics.clear();
cursor.alpha = 0;
cursor.visible = false;
}

private function everyFrame(evt:Event):void {
if (rolledShape != null) {
rolledShape.rotation += 4;
}
}

private function buttonOver(evt:MouseEvent):void {
if(selectedShape==0){
evt.currentTarget.bg.alpha = 1;
rolledShape = evt.target.shape;
}
}

private function buttonOut(evt:MouseEvent):void {
evt.currentTarget.bg.alpha = 0.3;
rolledShape = null;
}

private function buttonDown(evt:MouseEvent):void {
selectedShape = evt.currentTarget.shape.currentFrame;
if(availableShapes[selectedShape-1]>0){
startDragShape(selectedShape);
availableShapes[selectedShape-1]--;
evt.currentTarget.count.text = availableShapes[selectedShape-1];
evt.currentTarget.bg.alpha = 0.3;
rolledShape = null;
}else {
selectedShape = 0;
}
}

private function mouseUp(evt:MouseEvent):void {
stopDragShape();
if (selectedShape > 0) {
if (!canPutHere) {
availableShapes[selectedShape-1]++;
shapeButtons[selectedShape-1].count.text = availableShapes[selectedShape-1];
selectedShape = 0;
}
if (canPutHere) {
var mousePos:Point = new Point(Math.floor((mouseX - gridStartX) / gridCellWidth), Math.floor((mouseY - gridStartY) / gridCellWidth));
var newShape:MovieClip = new game_shape();
addChild(newShape);
newShape.x = gridStartX + (mousePos.x+1) * gridCellWidth - gridCellWidth / 2;
newShape.y = gridStartY + (mousePos.y + 1) * gridCellWidth - gridCellWidth / 2;
newShape.rotation = cursor.rotation;
newShape.scaleX = cursor.scaleX;
newShape.scaleY = cursor.scaleY;
newShape.gotoAndStop(selectedShape);
newShape.addEventListener(MouseEvent.MOUSE_DOWN, placedShapeDown);
placedShapes.push(newShape);
for (var i:int = 0; i < currentValues.length; i++) {
var cellX:int = currentValues[i][0] + mousePos.x;
var cellY:int = currentValues[i][1] + mousePos.y;
mapGrid[cellY][cellX] = 2;
}
cursor.parent.setChildIndex(cursor, cursor.parent.numChildren - 1);
selectedShape = 0;
}
}
}

private function placedShapeDown(evt:MouseEvent):void {
selectedShape = evt.currentTarget.currentFrame;

// start dragging
startDragShape(evt.currentTarget.currentFrame, evt.currentTarget.rotation, evt.currentTarget.scaleX, evt.currentTarget.scaleY);

// update grid values
updateCurrentValues();
var shapePos:Point = new Point(Math.floor((evt.currentTarget.x - gridStartX) / gridCellWidth), Math.floor((evt.currentTarget.y - gridStartY) / gridCellWidth));
for (var i:int = 0; i < 5; i++) {
mapGrid[shapePos.y + currentValues[i][1]][shapePos.x + currentValues[i][0]] = 1;
}

// remove shape
evt.currentTarget.removeEventListener(MouseEvent.MOUSE_DOWN, placedShapeDown);
evt.currentTarget.parent.removeChild(evt.currentTarget);

checkPut();
}
}

}

Thanks for reading!

Results:


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