Monday, July 30, 2012

Creating a Pentomino game using AS3: Part 12

In this tutorial we'll add a winning screen and display it when the user completes the level.

If you are using Flash, open your project and create a new MovieClip with class path "win_screen". Inside of it, add a transparent (or half transparent) box with the size of your game screen. In the center, add a message telling the user they have completed the window.

We are going to display the winning message by adding the movie clip to stage when needed, so delete it from stage right now and keep it in the library. If you're not using Flash, or want to use your own way of displaying victory messages, you're free to use whatever method you want. The code I'm providing in this tutorial will check when to display the victory message.

First declare a new varaible in the class - a boolean didWin set to false by default:

private var didWin:Boolean = false;

Now go to mouseUp() function and call a function named checkWin() in the end of if(canPutHere) statement:

private function mouseUp(evt:MouseEvent):void {
stopDragShape();
if (selectedShape > 0) {
if (!canPutHere) {
availableShapes[selectedShape-1]++;
shapeButtons[selectedShape-1].count.text = availableShapes[selectedShape-1];
selectedShape = 0;
}
if (canPutHere) {
var mousePos:Point = new Point(Math.floor((mouseX - gridStartX) / gridCellWidth), Math.floor((mouseY - gridStartY) / gridCellWidth));
var newShape:MovieClip = new game_shape();
addChild(newShape);
newShape.x = gridStartX + (mousePos.x+1) * gridCellWidth - gridCellWidth / 2;
newShape.y = gridStartY + (mousePos.y + 1) * gridCellWidth - gridCellWidth / 2;
newShape.rotation = cursor.rotation;
newShape.scaleX = cursor.scaleX;
newShape.scaleY = cursor.scaleY;
newShape.gotoAndStop(selectedShape);
newShape.addEventListener(MouseEvent.MOUSE_DOWN, placedShapeDown);
placedShapes.push(newShape);
for (var i:int = 0; i < currentValues.length; i++) {
var cellX:int = currentValues[i][0] + mousePos.x;
var cellY:int = currentValues[i][1] + mousePos.y;
mapGrid[cellY][cellX] = 2;
}
cursor.parent.setChildIndex(cursor, cursor.parent.numChildren - 1);
selectedShape = 0;
checkWin();
}
}
}

In the function, first of all set didWin value to true and declare these variables:

didWin = true;
var i:int;
var u:int;
var width:int = mapGrid[0].length;
var height:int = mapGrid.length;

Then we loop through all cells in mapGrid. If at least one cell has value of 1, then the level is not yet completed and didWin is false:

for (i = 0; i < height; i++) {
for (u = 0; u < width; u++) {
if (mapGrid[i][u] == 1) didWin = false;
}
}

If didWin is true, we display the message:

if (didWin) {
var winScreen:MovieClip = new win_screen();
addChild(winScreen);
}

Full function:

private function checkWin():void {
didWin = true;
var i:int;
var u:int;
var width:int = mapGrid[0].length;
var height:int = mapGrid.length;

for (i = 0; i < height; i++) {
for (u = 0; u < width; u++) {
if (mapGrid[i][u] == 1) didWin = false;
}
}

if (didWin) {
var winScreen:MovieClip = new win_screen();
addChild(winScreen);
}
}

Now we can win the game!

Full code:

package  
{
import flash.display.MovieClip;
import flash.display.Sprite;
import flash.events.Event;
import flash.events.KeyboardEvent;
import flash.events.MouseEvent;
import flash.geom.Point;
import flash.utils.ByteArray;

/**
 * Open-source pentomino game engine
 * @author Kirill Poletaev
 */

public class pentomino_game extends MovieClip
{
private var mapGrid:Array = [];
private var availableShapes:Array = [];
private var shapeButtons:Array = [];
private var shapeValues:Array = [];
private var placedShapes:Array = [];

private var gridShape:Sprite = new Sprite();
private var canPutShape:Sprite = new Sprite();
private var gridStartX:int;
private var gridStartY:int;
private var gridCellWidth:int;

private var cursor:MovieClip;
private var rolledShape:MovieClip;
private var selectedShape:int = 0;
private var canPutHere:Boolean = false;
private var currentValues:Array = [];
private var didWin:Boolean = false;

public function pentomino_game() 
{
// default map
mapGrid = [
[1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1],
[1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1],
[1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1],
[1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1],
[1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1],
[1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1]
];

availableShapes = [2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2];

shapeValues = [
[[0, 0], [0, 1], [0, 2], [0, -1], [0, -2]],
[[0, 0], [0, -1], [0, 1], [1, 0], [1, -1]],
[[0, 0], [0, 1], [0, 2], [0, -1], [ -1, -1]],
[[0, 0], [0, 1], [0, -1], [ -1, 0], [1, -1]],
[[0, 0], [ -1, 0], [ -2, 0], [0, -1], [1, -1]],
[[0, 0], [0, 1], [0, -1], [1, -1], [ -1, -1]],
[[0, 0], [1, 0], [ -1, 0], [1, -1], [ -1, -1]],
[[0, 0], [ -1, 0], [ -2, 0], [0, -1], [0, -2]],
[[0, 0], [0, 1], [ -1, 1], [1, 0], [1, -1]],
[[0, 0], [0, 1], [0, -1], [1, 0], [ -1, 0]],
[[0, 0], [ -1, 0], [ -2, 0], [1, 0], [0, -1]],
[[0, 0], [0, 1], [1, 1], [0, -1], [-1, -1]]
];

// grid settings
calculateGrid();
addChild(gridShape);
gridShape.x = gridStartX;
gridShape.y = gridStartY;

// draw tiles
drawGrid();

// can put shape
addChild(canPutShape);
canPutShape.x = gridStartX;
canPutShape.y = gridStartY;

// add shape buttons
for (var i:int = 0; i < 4; i++) {
for (var u:int = 0; u < 3; u++) {
var shapeButton:MovieClip = new select_shape();
shapeButton.x = 528 + u * 62;
shapeButton.y = 55 + i * 62;
addChild(shapeButton);
shapeButton.bg.alpha = 0.3;
shapeButton.count.text = String(availableShapes[3 * i + u]);
shapeButton.shape.gotoAndStop(3 * i + u + 1);
shapeButtons.push(shapeButton);
shapeButton.addEventListener(MouseEvent.ROLL_OVER, buttonOver);
shapeButton.addEventListener(MouseEvent.ROLL_OUT, buttonOut);
shapeButton.addEventListener(MouseEvent.MOUSE_DOWN, buttonDown);
}
}

// cursor
cursor = new game_shape();
addChild(cursor);
cursor.mouseEnabled = false;
cursor.mouseChildren = false;
cursor.visible = false;
addEventListener(MouseEvent.MOUSE_MOVE, mouseMove);
addEventListener(MouseEvent.MOUSE_WHEEL, mouseWheel);
stage.addEventListener(KeyboardEvent.KEY_DOWN, keyDown);
addEventListener(Event.ENTER_FRAME, everyFrame);
addEventListener(MouseEvent.MOUSE_UP, mouseUp);

// buttons
btn_reset.addEventListener(MouseEvent.CLICK, doReset);
}

private function calculateGrid():void {
var columns:int = mapGrid[0].length;
var rows:int = mapGrid.length;

// free size: 520x460
// fit in: 510x450

// calculate width of a cell:
gridCellWidth = Math.round(510 / columns);

var width:int = columns * gridCellWidth;
var height:int = rows * gridCellWidth;

// calculate side margin
gridStartX = (520 - width) / 2;

if (height < 450) {
gridStartY = (450 - height) / 2;
}
if (height >= 450) {
gridCellWidth = Math.round(450 / rows);
height = rows * gridCellWidth;
width = columns * gridCellWidth;
gridStartY = (460 - height) / 2;
gridStartX = (520 - width) / 2;
}
}

private function drawGrid():void {
gridShape.graphics.clear();
var width:int = mapGrid[0].length;
var height:int = mapGrid.length;

var i:int;
var u:int;

// draw background
for (i = 0; i < height; i++) {
for (u = 0; u < width; u++) {
if (mapGrid[i][u] == 1) drawCell(u, i, 0xffffff, 1, 0x999999);
}
}
}

private function drawCell(width:int, height:int, fill:uint, thick:Number, line:uint):void {
gridShape.graphics.beginFill(fill);
gridShape.graphics.lineStyle(thick, line);
gridShape.graphics.drawRect(width * gridCellWidth, height * gridCellWidth, gridCellWidth, gridCellWidth);
}

private function mouseMove(evt:MouseEvent):void {
cursor.x = mouseX;
cursor.y = mouseY;
checkPut();
}

private function checkPut():void {
if (selectedShape > 0) {
var mousePos:Point = new Point(Math.floor((mouseX - gridStartX) / gridCellWidth), Math.floor((mouseY - gridStartY) / gridCellWidth));
canPutHere = true;
updateCurrentValues();
for (var i:int = 0; i < currentValues.length; i++) {
var cellX:int = currentValues[i][0] + mousePos.x;
var cellY:int = currentValues[i][1] + mousePos.y;
if (cellX < 0 || cellY < 0 || cellX >= mapGrid[0].length || cellY >= mapGrid.length || mapGrid[cellY][cellX]!=1) {
canPutHere = false;
}
}
if (canPutHere) {
cursor.alpha = 0.8;
}
if (!canPutHere) {
canPutShape.graphics.clear();
cursor.alpha = 0.4;
}
}
}

private function drawCanPut():void {
canPutShape.graphics.clear();
var mousePos:Point = new Point(Math.floor((mouseX - gridStartX) / gridCellWidth), Math.floor((mouseY - gridStartY) / gridCellWidth));
for (var i:int = 0; i < currentValues.length; i++) {
var cellX:int = (currentValues[i][0] + mousePos.x) * gridCellWidth;
var cellY:int = (currentValues[i][1] + mousePos.y) * gridCellWidth;
canPutShape.graphics.beginFill(0x00ff00, 0.2);
canPutShape.graphics.drawRect(cellX, cellY, gridCellWidth, gridCellWidth);
}
}

private function mouseWheel(evt:MouseEvent):void {
if (evt.delta > 0) cursor.rotation += 90;
if (evt.delta < 0) cursor.rotation -= 90;
if (selectedShape > 0) checkPut();
}

private function keyDown(evt:KeyboardEvent):void {
if (evt.keyCode == 68) cursor.rotation += 90;
if (evt.keyCode == 65) cursor.rotation -= 90;
if (evt.keyCode == 32) cursor.scaleX *= -1;
if (selectedShape > 0) checkPut();
}

private function updateCurrentValues():void {
currentValues = clone(shapeValues[selectedShape-1]);
for (var i:int = 0; i < 5; i++) {
if (cursor.rotation == 90) {
currentValues[i].reverse();
currentValues[i][0] *= -1;
}
if (cursor.rotation == 180 || cursor.rotation == -180) {
currentValues[i][0] *= -1;
currentValues[i][1] *= -1;
}
if (cursor.rotation == -90) {
currentValues[i].reverse();
currentValues[i][1] *= -1;
}
if (cursor.scaleX < 0 && (cursor.rotation != -90 || cursor.rotation != 90)) {
currentValues[i][0] *= -1;
}
if (cursor.scaleX < 0 && (cursor.rotation == -90 || cursor.rotation == 90)) {
currentValues[i][0] *= -1;
currentValues[i][1] *= -1;
}
}
drawCanPut();
}

private function clone(source:Object):*{
var myBA:ByteArray = new ByteArray();
myBA.writeObject(source);
myBA.position = 0;
return(myBA.readObject());
}

private function startDragShape(shapeType:int, rot:int = 0, scalex:Number = 0, scaley:Number = 0):void {
cursor.rotation = rot;
cursor.scaleX = scalex;
cursor.scaleY = scaley;
if (scalex == 0) {
cursor.scaleX = gridCellWidth / 100;
cursor.scaleY = gridCellWidth / 100;
}
cursor.alpha = 0.75;
cursor.visible = true;
cursor.gotoAndStop(shapeType);
}

private function stopDragShape():void {
canPutShape.graphics.clear();
cursor.alpha = 0;
cursor.visible = false;
}

private function everyFrame(evt:Event):void {
if (rolledShape != null) {
rolledShape.rotation += 4;
}
}

private function buttonOver(evt:MouseEvent):void {
if(selectedShape==0){
evt.currentTarget.bg.alpha = 1;
rolledShape = evt.target.shape;
}
}

private function buttonOut(evt:MouseEvent):void {
evt.currentTarget.bg.alpha = 0.3;
rolledShape = null;
}

private function buttonDown(evt:MouseEvent):void {
selectedShape = evt.currentTarget.shape.currentFrame;
if(availableShapes[selectedShape-1]>0){
startDragShape(selectedShape);
availableShapes[selectedShape-1]--;
evt.currentTarget.count.text = availableShapes[selectedShape-1];
evt.currentTarget.bg.alpha = 0.3;
rolledShape = null;
}else {
selectedShape = 0;
}
}

private function mouseUp(evt:MouseEvent):void {
stopDragShape();
if (selectedShape > 0) {
if (!canPutHere) {
availableShapes[selectedShape-1]++;
shapeButtons[selectedShape-1].count.text = availableShapes[selectedShape-1];
selectedShape = 0;
}
if (canPutHere) {
var mousePos:Point = new Point(Math.floor((mouseX - gridStartX) / gridCellWidth), Math.floor((mouseY - gridStartY) / gridCellWidth));
var newShape:MovieClip = new game_shape();
addChild(newShape);
newShape.x = gridStartX + (mousePos.x+1) * gridCellWidth - gridCellWidth / 2;
newShape.y = gridStartY + (mousePos.y + 1) * gridCellWidth - gridCellWidth / 2;
newShape.rotation = cursor.rotation;
newShape.scaleX = cursor.scaleX;
newShape.scaleY = cursor.scaleY;
newShape.gotoAndStop(selectedShape);
newShape.addEventListener(MouseEvent.MOUSE_DOWN, placedShapeDown);
placedShapes.push(newShape);
for (var i:int = 0; i < currentValues.length; i++) {
var cellX:int = currentValues[i][0] + mousePos.x;
var cellY:int = currentValues[i][1] + mousePos.y;
mapGrid[cellY][cellX] = 2;
}
cursor.parent.setChildIndex(cursor, cursor.parent.numChildren - 1);
selectedShape = 0;
checkWin();
}
}
}

private function placedShapeDown(evt:MouseEvent):void {
selectedShape = evt.currentTarget.currentFrame;

// start dragging
startDragShape(evt.currentTarget.currentFrame, evt.currentTarget.rotation, evt.currentTarget.scaleX, evt.currentTarget.scaleY);

// update grid values
updateCurrentValues();
var shapePos:Point = new Point(Math.floor((evt.currentTarget.x - gridStartX) / gridCellWidth), Math.floor((evt.currentTarget.y - gridStartY) / gridCellWidth));
for (var i:int = 0; i < 5; i++) {
mapGrid[shapePos.y + currentValues[i][1]][shapePos.x + currentValues[i][0]] = 1;
}

// remove shape
for (var u:int = 0; u < placedShapes.length; u++) {
if (placedShapes[u] == evt.currentTarget) {
placedShapes.splice(u, 1);
break;
}
}
evt.currentTarget.removeEventListener(MouseEvent.MOUSE_DOWN, placedShapeDown);
evt.currentTarget.parent.removeChild(evt.currentTarget);

checkPut();
}

private function doReset(evt:MouseEvent):void {
var i:int;
var u:int;
var width:int = mapGrid[0].length;
var height:int = mapGrid.length;

// change values in array
for (i = 0; i < height; i++) {
for (u = 0; u < width; u++) {
if (mapGrid[i][u] == 2) mapGrid[i][u] = 1;
}
}

// delete each shape
for (i = placedShapes.length-1; i >= 0; i--) {
selectedShape = placedShapes[i].currentFrame;
availableShapes[selectedShape-1]++;
shapeButtons[selectedShape-1].count.text = availableShapes[selectedShape-1];
placedShapes[i].parent.removeChild(placedShapes[i]);
placedShapes.pop();
}
placedShapes = [];
selectedShape = 0;
}

private function checkWin():void {
didWin = true;
var i:int;
var u:int;
var width:int = mapGrid[0].length;
var height:int = mapGrid.length;

for (i = 0; i < height; i++) {
for (u = 0; u < width; u++) {
if (mapGrid[i][u] == 1) didWin = false;
}
}

if (didWin) {
var winScreen:MovieClip = new win_screen();
addChild(winScreen);
}
}
}

}

Thanks for reading!

Try the game for yourself:


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